Looking for work
- Permission to work from foreignerâ€™s office «Ausländeramt»
- Apply in person at the job center «Agentur für Arbeit»
- ID Tax card
- Social insurance card
- Check out as soon as possible at the job center «Agentur für Arbeit»
- Report to the job centre as soon as possible
Foreigners from Non-EU states face legal restrictions in taking up employment. All Non-EU members must have a residence permit «Aufenthaltserlaubnis» or a settlement permit «Niederlassungserlaubnis» to be able to apply for a work permit «Arbeitserlaubnis».
The «Agentur für Arbeit» provides a service for employees and employers. The local job centres
- allocate jobs and apprenticeship placements,
- advise employers and job-seekers,
- help to improve chances of gaining employment,
- allocate further training and general training in the workplace.
Advice on employment and career opportunities are offered to all, irrespective of whether contributions have been paid by the individual.
To begin employment, work permits called «Arbeitsgenehmigung» or «Arbeitserlaubnis» are needed (for third-country citizens). Every employee also requires a tax card and a social security number.
The tax cards «Lohnsteuerkarte» are given out by the Bügerbüro in Landshut.
Your gross salary «Brutto-Lohn» will be taxed. The percentage depends on the amount earned and on the family situation. The employer will have to get the tax card. The tax and other deductions are automatically taken off the pay check. Certain combinations of tax classes can apply, if both partners earn money. More information can be found at the tax office «Finanzamt».
Registering an address change or change of tax class after e.g. wedding and divorce, can be done in the Finanzamt (Info centre left at the main entrance) or at the Bürgerbüro.
SOCIAL INSURANCE IDENTIFICATION CARD (ID)
A social insurance ID «Sozialversicherungsausweis» can be obtained from the pension plan provider. Employers will register their employees who work for the first time. They will then be issued with their social insurance number and an ID. Questions can be put to the employer or the medical insurance «Krankenkasse».
TERMINATION AN RESIGNATION
During the probation period employers can terminate the contract and employees as well can resign without naming a particular reason but with a two weeks notice. The probation period usually is six months.
LIMITED EMPLOYMENT CONDITIONS
Limited employment conditions with a written contract end automatically after the specified time is over. In that case termination or resigning is not necessary.
The employee can end an employment contract by giving notice in writing. The notice period, the time one is still in employment after giving notice, is stated in the employment contract and is usually three months.
The employer can terminate the contract also under consideration of the notice period, but not arbitrarily. Any employee has a general protection against unfair dismissal. One can get information on this at the employee representative committee/work council «Betriebsrat» and the unions.
If the employee doesnâ€™t want to accept the termination, he or she has to make a complaint at the industrial tribunal «Arbeitsgericht» within 3 weeks after receiving the written termination.
TERMINATION DUE TO EXTRAORDINARY REASONS
If there is a reason for criticism or punishment, because of the employeeâ€™s behaviour one can be terminated instantaneously. But there has to be a major offence, for example obvious betrayal or proven theft in the work place.
Alcohol abuse in the workplace and refusing to receive treatment can be a reason for termination.
But also the employee has the right to resign "out of order" without considering the resignation period in the case of severe assault, receiving wages too late or social insurance fees not being paid. The resignation has to be handed in writing.
SPECIAL PROTECTION AGAINST UNFAIR DISMISSAL
Women cannot be terminated during their pregnancy including four months after giving birth. Also apprentices and disabled people can not be terminated.
UNEMPLOYMENT AFTER TERMINATION
If one becomes unemployed, one can get help and information at the employment office «Agentur für Arbeit» as well as advice and support while looking for a new job.
But one has to register as unemployed in person at the employment office «Agentur für Arbeit» as soon as one knows about the termination. The passport has to be taken. If one does not report immediately one might get less support from the office.
How to apply for unemployment benefit can be found under the topic "money".
PROBLEMS AT THE JOB
With the following questions, the employee representative committee/work council «Betriebsrat» will be able to help:
- Is my wage within the standard range of wages?
- Can I make a claim for a Christmas bonus?
- Can my employer demand from me to work over time?
- How much vacation time can I claim?
- What happens in case of illness or work accidents?